This stone house, known as Fairview, was the site where Union Col. John R. Kenly rallied the First Maryland Infantry in the face of the advancing Confederate Army. The charge of the 6th Virginia Cavalry left the Union troops in confusion and retreat, resulting in the surrender of Kenly's force. Kenly was wounded and captured. At the end of the engagement on May 23, 1862, the Confederates occupied Front Royal.
Wounded soldiers were cared for at Fairview and bloodstains were visible on the floors for many years.