Monday, March 18, 2013

Confederate Breastworks

Shenandoah Mountain Pass, Virginia 

In April of 1852, General Edward "Allegheny" Johnson moved his small Confederate army to the top of Shenandoah Mountain and built Fort Edward Johnson to defend the town of Staunton, 25 miles to the east, and to protect the strategic Parkersburg Turnpike. Over one mile of trenches, known as "breastworks" were dug into the frozen ground, and some 3000 soldiers camped on the cold and rocky mountain, prepared to stop the Union advance from the west. In May, 1862, Stonewall Jackson came to Johnson's assistance and the Union army was forced to retreat in the Battle of McDowell.


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